The anti-corruption campaign in China today has many faces. One is that the Communist Party of China (CPC) is now putting in crosshairs some of its officials’ beloved playthings, which are also cultivated by the state’s economic leaders and managers. One eminent victim is the practice of concubinage among high-ranking officials as well as senior managers of state-owned enterprises (SoEs). Whoever believes that concubines were part of China’s feudal past is wrong. Although concubinage was outlawed in China in 1950 when the first Marriage Law took effect, ‘secondary wives’ are part of everyday lives of many high-ranking officials and senior managers in contemporary Communist China. Polygamy, particularly polygyny, has a history of millennia in China. Despite its legal prohibition, the tradition itself remains in good order. Some ethnic minorities in mainland China, as well as residents in Hong Kong and Macao, have practiced it rather uninterruptedly. For example, Stanley Ho, the 95-year-old billionaire casino baron from Macau, maintains intimate relations and fathers children with four women at the same time. Since the 1980s, many Hongkongese have had concubines in nearby Shenzhen and Dongguan.
The story that we are about to tell is well-known. Nevertheless, it became obvious to us that from a sociological-criminological point of view, some of the important details have been left out. In the following, not-always-serious narration, we are about to change this. We start our tale with the life of Herod I, the Roman client king of Judea, Galilee, Samaria and neighbouring areas.
The Brazilian federal judge Sérgio Moro hold a public lecture “Corruption and law enforcement in Brazil: The Petrobras case” at the University of Heidelberg
Heidelberg, 12th December 2016 // The presentation by Sérgio Moro, the Brazilian federal judge, attracted about 400 guests. There were many Brazilians from other cities in Germany, from Switzerland and Austria in the audience. Mr. Moro’s speech was received with much approval as well as with protests. After his speech, the discussion was opened to the press and the public. Many questions were asked and critical comments were made, at the same time it was a very democratic event. The lecture was not disturbed and Sérgio Moro answered all questions within the given time frame.
Despite the fanfare of the Rio Olympics had subsided, Brazil is no longer politically calm. Sérgio Moro, a fededal judge, detonated a political tinderbox when he lashed out against Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, a former president, and political corruption in the Workers‘ Party (PT) Lula had helped found.
Not only have the accusations against two-term ex-President Lula, the impeachment against his successor Dilma Roussef, the arrest of the President of the Parliament, Eduardo Cunha (PMDB) and current proceedings against 279 politicians robbed the Brazilians of their sleep, the multitude of corruption scandals in the economy keeps them in suspense. Since the „Operação LAVA JATO“ („Operation Car Wash“) started in July 2013, politics, business and the judiciary have been in great turmoil. Having ensnared the construction industry and Petrobrás, the state-run oil company, the spectre of corruption is threatening to envelop the rest of energy industry and even the construction of nuclear power plants. For example, Otavio Marquez Azevedo, head of the Brazilian multinational conglomerate Andrade Gutierrez, who was arrested for corruption, had only enjoyed a five-day release for his co-operation before he had to face charges in another court that accused his company of bribery in the bidding process for the construction contract of nuclear power plants in Rio de Janeiro.
VW and Audi would have had to know it. As early as 1973, the Volkswagen Group had courted controversy because its most famous car at that time, the beetle, had temperature sensors installed – to adjust emissions – without specifying this adaptation during the approval. Back then, VW got away with a penalty of US$ 120,000. Forty-three years later, it is not so cheap anymore. Initial compensation settlements have costed VW some $ 15 billion. Now Audi also find itself in the pillory, when the state of New York makes serious allegations against both Audi and VW.