By Markus Pohlmann
VW and Audi would have had to know it. As early as 1973, the Volkswagen Group had courted controversy because its most famous car at that time, the beetle, had temperature sensors installed – to adjust emissions – without specifying this adaptation during the approval. Back then, VW got away with a penalty of US$ 120,000. Forty-three years later, it is not so cheap anymore. Initial compensation settlements have costed VW some $ 15 billion. Now Audi also find itself in the pillory, when the state of New York makes serious allegations against both Audi and VW.